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جامعة الصداقة بين الشعوب
يتواجد الطلاب العرب بأغلبية ساحقة فى مدينة موسكو وبخاصة فى جامعة الصداقة بين الشعوب وفى جامعة موسكو كذلك
وسوف نعرض فى هذا القسم مزيد من الضوء على جامعة الصداقة بين الشعوب التى بها العدد الأكبر من الطلاب العرب نظراً لقلة تكاليف الدراسة بها مقارنة مع الجامعات الأخرى ولجودة مستوى التعليم بها
من ناحية أخرى يتزايد عدد الطلاب الأوروبيين القادمين إلى روسيا للدراسة فى جامعه الصداقة بين الشعوب فقد أعلن نائب رئيس الجامعة الروسية للصداقة بين الشعوب الكسندر يفريموف أن انضمام روسيا إلى اتفاقية بولونيا للتعليم العالي يساعد على تزايد شعبية الدراسة في الجامعات الروسية وسط الطلاب الأوروبيين
وقال يفريموف: "إن عدد الطلاب من غرب أوروبا القادمين للدراسة في روسيا في تزايد مستمر وهم يدرسون هنا بسرور. وقد ساهمت في ذلك عملية انضمام بلادنا إلى اتفاقية بولونيا للتعليم العالي. ففي جامعة الصداقة بين الشعوب مثلا تنفذ جميع بنود الاتفاقية. فقد تحولنا إلى النظام المتعدد المستويات ولدينا نظام داخلي لضبط الجودة الذي تم تنسيقه مع المفوضية الأوروبية، ونقوم بتقييم المستوى الدراسي وفقا للمعايير الأوروبية والروسية، ونمنح الطالب ملحقا روسيا وأوروبيا للشهادة بالدرجات التي حصل عليها الطالب
وأضاف: "كل شيء عندنا كما في أوروبا ولكن أفضل بقليل لأن أساتذتنا يعملون مع الطلاب بشكل مباشر، ونحن متطلبون أكثر فيما يتعلق بجودة التعليم
وقد انضمت روسيا إلى اتفاقية بولونيا للتعليم العالي في سبتمبر 2003، ويعد الهدف الأساسي من الانضمام هو تشكيل فضاء أوروبي موحد للتعليم العالي بحلول عام 2010. وتتضمن الاتفاقية التي تضم نحو 50 بلدا أوروبيا تعليم الطلاب في الخارج والتحول إلى نظام التعليم العالي
ذي مستويين (بكالوريوس وماجستير) وإدخال نظام الساعات المعتمدة والاعتراف المتبادل بالشهادات
وأشار يفريموف إلى أن الخبراء الشباب لا يستطيعون الحصول بسهولة على وظيفة في البلدان الأوروبية بعد تخرجهم على عكس روسيا التي تشهد نموا اقتصاديا وبالتالي نمو سوق العمل. وقال: "إلى جانب ذلك فالأجور والرواتب عندنا ليست أقل من أوروبا حاليا
وأشار إلى أن مجموعة تضم 35 - 40 طالبا من فرنسا أتت للدراسة في جامعة الصداقة بين الشعوب لأول مرة فى العام الدراسي (2007 - 2008). ويدرس في الجامعة طلاب من ألمانيا وفنلندا والسويد أيضا. إلى جانب ذلك يدرس في الجامعة طلاب من أوروبا الشرقية
We present to you one of the most unique universities of the world - Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (PFUR), known first of all by the fact that the students from more than 100 countries of the world annually are enrolled to studies there. This phenomenon itself is important because the studies in this university brings the international students closer to one another through social and cultural activities carried out by national students unions that gives huge opportunities for realization of personal contacts and professional communications at the international level for the future graduates of University. During the passed years PFUR has obtained popularity and respect as an advanced educational center of the country, occupying one of the top places among Russian universities. It has become possible due to unique collective of the scientific and pedagogical workers, who realize indeed the national traditions and principles of Higher education. These days about 12 thousand graduate and post-graduate students are being trained in the university while the staff consists of 1530 teachers, from which 300 - full professors and doctors of sciences and more than 800 - lectures and assistant professors. Since its foundation in 1960 the University has produced about 36 thousand gradients (including 3500 Ph.D holders), who are working nowadays in 164 countries of the world in all continents and in advanced countries as well. The unique experience of our teachers takes into account features of various educational systems of those countries, where the international students come from, and includes into study programs those special courses and disciplines to facilitate the work of the graduates in various regions of the world. Major principle, to which the activity of University is dedicated to is to ensure the highest quality of professional education offered at PFUR. Therefore we are sure, as in XXI century, PFUR crossing a threshold of its 40-th anniversary, will be successful to carry out the noble humanitarian mission: bringing up the youth in the spirit of knowledge, friendship, patriotism and mutual understanding between the peoples.
An appreciable place in realization of the international activity of a higher school of Russia belongs to PFUR. It plays a leading role in formation and professional training of the foreign citizens in Russia, including postgraduate forms of training, improvement of professional skill and additional formation with the use of distant learning methods. The University is the member of the International association of universities, Association of the rectors of universities of the world (Euro-Asian section), International academy of sciences of a higher school, International council on management of scientific researches; it plays a significant role in Association of the Russian high schools, Euro-Asian association of universities, Association of technical universities. PFUR has acted as one of the founders of the Network of cooperation of universities of Europe and Central Asia, Academic network of universities of the countries of East and Southern Europe, has taken part in activity of organization of universities of the countries of the Black Sea region, participates in Zaltsburg seminars (Austria) of the workers of higher school. Many employees, professor and teachers of University take part in the international professional associations and unions of the workers of education, scientific and academic societies, such as, for example, International academy of sciences of a higher school.
The university supports business contacts with embassies and other representations of the foreign states in Moscow interested firms and establishments, holds academic meetings of the outstanding scientists, figures of culture and art, politicians, businessmen, publicists from many overseas countries.
The basis of such fruitful mutual relations is invariable pluralism of thinking, style of life and social foundations of the various states, respect of national traditions and customs, human values and priorities of education, consolidation of friendship and understanding between the peoples. This activity is carried out by the Council on organization and coordination of the international cooperation, which operates under the Scientific Council of the University.
The university is a basic Russian higher educational institution in the field of teaching Russian as foreign language. This important function is realized by 245 teachers of five specialized departments of the University. The long-term creative communications are established with the International association of the teachers of Russian and literature, and also with Institute of Russian Language named after A.Pushkin, where joint international conferences are regularly organized.
Studying at PFUR
The educational process at the basic faculties of the University is carried out according to the multilevel system, standard in world practice of higher education, while PFUR was the first of the Russian Universities to introduce it in 1989. The formation of the Bachelors, Masters and diploma experts is carried out in 37 majors and specialities. The training is conducted according to syllabuses corresponding to state educational standards.
The academic degree of the Bachelor is conferred after performance of the educational program including humanitarian, social and economic, natural and scientific, professional and special subjects. The duration of training in Bachelor program together with study within one year at the Faculty of foreign languages and general educational disciplines (preparatory faculty) makes 5 years. Volume of classes makes 27 - 30 hours per one week. The students pursue educational, industrial, scientific, pedagogical practical work as well. The course is finalized with state examinations and graduation thesis. After the successful completion of study the Bachelor Degree is conferred and the State Diploma indicating the speciality and qualification is issued to the gradients.
The best Bachelors graduates, shown good results during their training can be admitted to Masters programs for two years to further profound study according to the chosen area of specialization.
The opportunity of Masters courses in direction which is not conterminous to base Bachelor specialization is offered on successful pass of the entrance tests in some disciplines of the basic educational program of the chosen direction.
Appropriate Masters professional educational programs include fundamental and practical training focused on research and pedagogical activity. The educational plans of Masters courses provide a wide choice of disciplines of specialization at maximal volume of the class work no more than 14 hours per one week on the average for all period of training, and, besides is stipulated about 27 hours of independent work per one week. The successful completion of study with defending of Master's dissertation is finished with conferring of the Master Degree and award of the State Diploma indicating the level of qualification and a specialization. The Masters course graduates have the right to enter Ph.D. programs.
The university gives an opportunity of receiving a higher practical specialization with a number of professional disciplines at higher volume of knowledge and skills necessary for practical activity.
The duration of preparation of the diploma expert together with study at the Faculty of foreign languages and general educational disciplines (preparatory faculty) makes 6-7 years depending on a speciality. Volume of classes makes 27 - 30 hours per one week, the passage by the students educational, industrial and practical seminars is provided. A closing stage of training is the defense of degree thesis after what the State Diploma is issued together with assignment of the appropriate qualification of the expert. The Diploma course graduates have the right to enroll to Ph.D. programs.
After completion of training at Medical faculty in the speciality " General medicine " (6 years of training, not counting one year training at preparatory faculty) gradients are awarded with the State Diploma of general practitioner and the degree " Doctor of medicine " (M.D.). Those graduates in major "Dentistry" (5 years of training, not counting one year training at preparatory faculty) are awarded with the State Diploma and the degree of Master of Science in Dentistry.
Graduates in the speciality "Pharmacy" (5 years of training, not counting one year training at preparatory faculty) are awarded with the State diploma and the degree of Master of Science in Pharmacy.
At the Agricultural faculty the gradients in major "Veterinary medicine" (term of training 5 years, not counting one year training at preparatory faculty) are awarded with the State diploma and the degree of Doctor in Veterinary Medicine and Surgery.
The training of the students on the full-time form is carried out at all faculties of the University in all majors and specialities. At the Faculty of humanities and social sciences, philological, economics and law faculties the evening and correspondence branches function as well. The training in the form of correspondence is conducted at the majority of the faculties of the University.
Students' Life- After classes life
Alongside with educational the Administration of the University pays grate attention to work with the students after classes. This work has the purpose of all-round development of spiritual and physical opportunities of the students, rallying them in uniform international collective, wide acquaintance with life, national cultures, and traditions of the peoples of Russia and other countries.
The Department for Students' affairs carries out the organization and coordination of these activities in scales of the University. The teachers-advisers organize Work with national and international organizations of the students.
After classes activity is conducted on the following basic directions:
Acquaintance of the students with the legislation of Russian Federation, with their rights and duties, normative certificates (acts) and instructions about visa, passport and customs modes, rules of the internal schedule of University, rules of residing in hostels of University;
Development of students' self-management, increase of the initiative of student's collectives, attraction of the students to management of the University;
Rendering of the organizational help and coordination of activity to international and national students' public organizations created and working at the University according to its Charter;
Organization and realization of evenings, conferences, " round tables ", exhibitions devoted to significant dates and national holidays of the peoples of Russia and foreign countries;
Organization and realization of meetings of the students of the University with the outstanding Russian and foreign state and public figures, workers of science, culture and art;
Development of amateur art creativity of the pupils, creation of national folklore groups and ensembles, acquaintance with national art and cultural traditions of the peoples of the world;
Realization traditional all-university and faculty functions (dedication and graduation ceremony, parties, folklore and New Year celebrations, various contests);
Realization of various sports activities and competitions;
Organization of excursion trips round Moscow, visiting of exhibitions, museums, theatres and concert halls;
Organization of rest of the students of the University in vacations period on the basis of camps, boarding houses of rest.
On enrolment to the University all students undergo medical check-up and settled in the hostel.
The cost of residing depends on a type and category of the hostel. All hostels have cafe, rooms for rest, telephones, kitchens, washrooms. The television center of the University allows receiving in hostels up to 10 programs of the Russian TV and 4 programs of satellite TV of foreign countries.
The PFU Russia represents unique multinational collective: the representatives of more than 450 nationalities and tribes from 114 countries of the world are trained here.
Faculties and centers
The PFUR operates with ten faculties: humanitarian and social sciences, engineering, medical, agricultural, physical, mathematical and natural sciences, philological, ecological, economics, law, and also faculty of foreign languages and general educational disciplines (preparatory).
The training is performed at the levels of Bachelor, Master, Ph.D., Doctorate, clinical medical specialization and pedagogical advanced courses. The more and more various forms of improvement of professional skill are offered through fast developing structures of the University: faculty of improvement of professional skill of the teachers of Russian as foreign and faculty of improvement of professional skill of the medical workers.
The educational process and research are reinforced with the Information technology center and scientific library. The National center of Russian Federation on academic mobility and recognition, and Scientific - information Center of foreign education are functioning within the PFUR. The University gives shelter to the " Center on study of philosophy and culture of East ", " Center of medical computer technologies ", " Scientific and industrial association ", " Center of pre-university education ", " Center of information support of the international communications of the higher school ", " Center of natural scientific education for humanitarians ", " Center of Russian language ", " Department of computer science under UNESCO ", " Inter-university faculty of musical cultures of the peoples of the world " etc.
The university includes the following branches:
Branch in Pereyaslavl - Zalesskyi (the Moscow area) conducts preparation of the experts on directions " Applied mathematics and computer science ", " Computer Science and calculating techniques ", "Sociology";
The branch in city of Yakutsk (Saha) is conducting training in specialities "Economics", "Agro-economics", "Jurisprudence";
The branch in the city Yessentuki (Stavropol region) is performing training in specialities "World economy ", " Hospitality service and tourism " and "Jurisprudence";
Branch in the state farm "Bogorodskoe" (area of Tula) has workshops on " Mechanization of agriculture " and "Agronomy";
The branch in the city of Sochi (Krasnodar region) prepares experts in such directions like "Economics", " Agro-economics ", "History", "Philology".
Russian language at PFUR
Russian, being a subject of intensive study for the foreign students, is one of the most important directions of training at the University.
6 departments of Russian language function at PFUR: 3 of them within the faculty of foreign languages and general educational disciplines (preparatory faculty). Department of Russian Language and methodic of its teaching and Department General and Russian Linguistics function within the Philological faculty.
All Russian language departments provide a high level of teaching due to long-term experience and high qualification of the faculties involved. 28 professors, 112 senior lecturers, 25 senior teachers conduct classes.
The basic scientific directions of the activities are as follows:
Functional, systematic and typological description of various languages with the purposes of their teaching;
Development of theoretical and practical bases of teaching of Russian as foreign language.
Many widely known all over the world programs and textbooks ensuring teaching of Russian as foreign on new techniques were developed at PFUR. More than 17 years the teachers of the Department of Russian language work at the Space Center where all foreign spacemen studied Russian under their instruction.
The Departments of Russian take active part in various national and international symposiums both scientific conferences and congresses organized under International association of the teachers of Russian and literature, and maintain membership at the Russian Association of the teachers of Russian and literature.
The Center of Russian on realization of the all-Russian target program "Russian language" functions at PFUR.
Students' campus of the University is located in a park zone in the southwest of Moscow - one of most picturesque and ecologically cleans corners of the Russian capital. There are 9 hostels, sports complex, international cultural center, polyclinic, sanatorium, shopping center, international telegraph, telephone and post offices, bank branch, bookshop, hairdressing saloons, numerous restaurants and cafe.
Two Moscow Underground stations are located near by. It takes about 30 minutes to the students to reach the center of Moscow city.
According to the Charter the students of the University have the right to set up public associations and organizations. More than 70 various international and national public organizations work at PFUR. The students' organizations carry out the activity on the basis of the Charters or Rules authorized by the President's Council of the University. Students' committees of the faculties, councils of hostels, female committee and national unions of the students play the most important role in the life of PFUR.
The students' committees of faculties are elected annually at conferences or assemblies of the faculties. Their main tasks are:
attraction of the students to participation in management of faculties;
development of their public activity;
protection of interests of the students;
rendering of the help in solution of arising educational, social or domestic problems;
assistance to dean's office and faculties in realization of educational and scientific activity.
Students' committees on preparation and realization of various cultural, public and sports functions carry out the large work. The students' committees regularly report about the work at sessions of Scientific council and at the Presidents' council. The chairmen of students' committees are the members of Scientific council of the faculties and of the Presidents' council.
Councils of hostels are elected annually at assemblies of the students living in them. They assist administration of the University in maintenance of hostels, carry out the control of observance by the students of the rules of residing and internal schedule in hostels, if necessary apply with the offers and inquiries to the administration and various divisions of the University.
The female committee of the University is selected annually and unites representatives of different countries. The female committee carries out measures promoting creation of conditions for normal study, life and rest of girls, development their spiritual, moral and aesthetic outlook, public health services, children's education, organizes meetings with the figures of a science and culture, representatives of various female public organizations of Russia. The chairman of Female committee is the member of the Presidents' council.
The representatives of students' committees of the faculties, councils of hostels and Female committee take part in development, acceptance and perfection of the University's normative acts, touching interests of the students of PFUR.
The Presidents' council registers national unions of the students of one country. Every union has its own Charter, structure and managing bodies. The basic tasks of the students' unions are:
rendering assistance to the compatriots in adaptation to conditions of life and study in Moscow
protection of interests of the students, rendering of help in the decision of arising educational, domestic and social problems
strengthening of unity of the students from one country
consolidation of friendship, cooperation and mutual understanding with the students from other countries, trained at the University.
The students' unions every 3 years report about their work at the session of the Presidents' council.
Administration of the University, heads of divisions, dean's offices of faculties, the public organizations render to the students' unions all-round help and support in their activity.
Apart from 41 national students' unions, two regional organizations of the foreign students - Association of the African students and Federation of the students from the countries of Latin America and Caribbean operate at the University.
Rector, vice-rectors, chiefs of divisions of the University meet with the chairmen of student's committees of the faculties, councils of hostels and Female committee twice a year, and once a year with the chairmen of national students' unions and regional organizations.
Rector of PFUR Professor D.P.Bilibin
General contact information
Full name: Russian University of Peoples' Friendship
Address: 6, Miklukho-Maclay St., 117198 Moscow В-198, Russia